The European Ecovillage Conference 2017
Living the future today: Solidarity, Resilience & Hope
The Global Ecovillage Network of Europe announces its 21st edition of the yearly European Ecovillage Conference, for the first time in Sweden.
This year, we are gathering around the themes of solidarity, resilience and hope, with the intent of creating a better future by starting to live it today. Our motivation is to replace obsolete models of living with innovative ideas and projects that are in harmony with our more beautiful nature and environment.
This gathering will bring change-makers, activists, experts, intentional community members, and all those friends who dream, hope and act for a conscious and sustainable lifestyle. Together we will nurture meaningful ideas to grow into purposeful actions.
Be part of the movement and join us in magical Ängsbacka for a multi-faceted festival on sustainability with many parallel events, high energy and deep relaxation.
Meet the people that walk their talk
The people that walk their talk will share their experiences and know-how, mostly through workshops and talks but also through art, music, dance, film and exhibitions. What does it mean to live the future today?
The program is unfolding here – and we are especially proud to have Keynote speakers Charles Eisenstein and Helena Norberg-Hodge with us.
In an era of uncertain ecological and political futures, Robert Hall, GEN Europe’s Council President, invites you to “come and network with Europe’s grassroots change-makers. Join us to explore ways to live a richer life while being of greater service to humanity and the planet ”.
It is an invitation to come together and connect – to ourselves, to each other, to the world and to spirit. From that place let´s share solutions and create possibilities for “the more beautiful world our hearts know is possible”. We envision the conference to be a birthplace for initiatives and exciting ideas – a hub for projects for a better world.
Together we will explore communal living topics such as the sharing economy and social currencies, food sovereignty, renewable energies, non-violent communication, group facilitation, governance models, collective and consensual decision making, bio-architecture and ecological activism. And of course there will be many community bonding activities, complemented by morning activities centering to get into our lovely bodies as well as concerts, dance and music in the evenings. There will be plenty of opportunities for networking; it´s simply the best place to meet Ecovillagers from all over Europe!
Who is coming?
The gathering has attracted and inspired thousands of people over the last 21 years. People wanting to learn more about sustainable communities; ecovillagers and aspiring ecovillagers, friends from like-minded networks such as Permaculture, Transition Towns and Gaia Education amongst many others, will join us once again. Anyone truly interested in a more sustainable lifestyle is welcome!
Shall I go?
- Are you curious about ecovillages?
- Do you want to find out more about living in and contributing to a more sustainable way of living on this planet?
- Would you like to meet hundreds of inspiring and like-minded people to build friendships and common projects with?
- Do you live in an ecovillage, intentional community or work on an exciting project and would like to share your experiences?
- Would you like to talk about things that really matter to you? Connect on a deep and meaningful level? Be reminded that you belong to a global tribe and are part of a growing movement?
If your answer to any of these questions is yes, the conference is exactly the right event for you and we are looking forward to meeting you in July!
Participants in the 5 day event can expect a family-friendly, drug and alcohol free experience with the possibility to choose activities based on their interests, managed campsites with outdoor facilities and all inclusive vegetarian meals.
“A more beautiful world IS possible…
and you will experience a part of it
during the gathering at Ӓngsbacka”
welcomes Ewa Jacobsson from Ängsbacka
GEN – Global Ecovillage Network, was founded 20 years ago and represents over 100 countries on 5 continents. GEN-Europe is a network that connects, sustains and diffuses the work of ecovillages and communities. Ecovillages form one of the few viable models for sustainable regional development. GEN-Europe has representation in Brussels under the umbrella of ECOLISE, together with other intercontinental networks; also, it has a consultative status at the UN for educational material for 10 years.
Ängsbacka – festivals, courses and community
Ängsbacka, outside Karlstad in Sweden, is a vital meeting place in Scandinavia for people who want to live a more conscious life, live from the heart and care for our planet. Since 1997 thousands of people have been touched by the warm, open, loving atmosphere during workshops, festivals and visits at Ängsbacka. Ängsbacka is a full member of GEN Europe since 2016. Welcome to be part of the Ängsbacka Magic!
Alcohol and drug-free
Ängsbacka is an alcohol and drug free place. We don’t serve alcohol, and it is not allowed to drink or to be under influence of alcohol or other substances when you are at Ängsbacka.
Warmly welcome to Sweden and Ängsbacka
– all you changemakers!
Conference program 2017
Program and activities
Every day will start with an offer of morning practices, followed by plenary time where we all come together, workshop times with many parallel sessions, sharing spaces and then ending with evenings reserved for relaxing, entertainment and ceremony. There is an exciting program for children in the childrens area. And there is an Eco Tech Expo!
There is also sauna, time for sharing with you home group – your own ”tribe” – where you meet and share insights in the present moment. Plus many special events … and surprises waiting for you! Ängsbacka is situated in abundant nature with surrounding forests, a majestic garden and lakes nearby to swim on hot days. This is what the days will look like
♥ Keynote speakers
CHARLES EISENSTEIN is a self-described “degrowth activist” that has been described as “one of the up-and-coming great minds of our time”. He is internationally-acclaimed author of Sacred Economics and The More Beautiful World Our Hearts Know is Possible, described by Publisher’s Weekly as “a revolutionary and interactive book…inspires the reader to think out of the ordinary.”
He is a speaker and writer focusing on themes of human culture and identity. His background includes a degree in mathematics and philosophy from Yale, a decade in Taiwan as a translator, and stints as a college instructor, a yoga teacher, and a construction worker. He currently writes and speaks full-time. He lives in Asheville, North Carolina with his wife and four children.
HELENA NORBERG-HODGE is a pioneer of the ‘new economy’ movement. She has been promoting an economics of personal, social and ecological well-being for more than thirty years. She is an author, filmmaker and director of Local Futures with the mission to protect and renew ecological and social well being by promoting a systemic shift away from economic globalization towards localization.
She is the producer and co-director of the award-winning documentary The Economics of Happiness, and is the author of Ancient Futures: Learning from Ladakh, described as “an inspirational classic”. She was honored with the Right Livelihood Award or Alternative Nobel Prize for her groundbreaking work in Ladakh, and received the 2012 Goi Peace Prize for contributing to “the revitalization of cultural and biological diversity, and the strengthening of local communities and economies worldwide.”
♥ Eco Tech Expo
The second edition of E.S.T.Expo – Ecovillage Sustainable Technology Exposition will be hosted during the conference. It is a demonstration lab featuring sustainable technologies and we invite all participants to share, demonstrate and present technologies from their communities, or from traditional knowledge, that they use to tackle local or global problems. We will demonstrate how ecovillages contribute to reducing carbon dioxide emission using appropriate technologies and simple solutions accessible to all. Walk through the exhibition and get inspired by technologies such as a thermo compost heating system, a self-construction of small wind turbines, biochar system and a bio digestor system, a hot water system, a high performance pedal cycle- and more that is designed in European Ecovillages – or participate in one of many practical workshops learning how to create them yourself!
♥ Meet the Ecovillages
On the Open day with free entrance 17/7 16.30-18.30 you can meet the Ecovillages. Communities, networks and ecovillages come together to showcase their projects, solutions and visions. Imagine walking through all of Europe, visiting exciting ecovillages, hearing inspiring stories and meeting amazing people. Impossible? No, it actually only takes one very special afternoon… and YOU! This year we are replacing power point presentations from ecovillages with a huge interactive live outdoor map event in which you are welcomed by ecovillagers presenting their homes and work.
Every day around lunchtime a pop up market is inviting you to browse through specialities made by ecovillagers, inspiring books and receive more information on organizations and initiatives working towards a more sustainable world.
♥ Eco Film Festival
This year we are very excited to announce that we will be holding an eco-film festival! Every evening, at 8pm we will share a range of different films, documentaries, and short clips that explore the fragility and the immense power of both humanity and nature. We hope that the festival will inspire and motivate you to become the change that you want to see in the world. Although it will be a chance to lay back, get cosy and relax, there will also be the opportunity for open and informal discussion. We are very excited to announce that we will have many guest speakers coming to present their own films including Helena Norberg-Hodge.
We will update as more experts and speakers are confirmed
Kosha Anja Joubert, Executive Director of the the Global Ecovillage Network, invites you to
join us at the European Ecovillage Conference – come and share your gifts
♥ Experts, speakers and co-creators
Please click the arrow under the name to read more!
No profiles have been added yet, please check back again later.
♥ Morning offerings & evening program
Each day will be framed by Yoga, meditation and movement offerings for the early birds around 7 am and a relaxing or sacred space in the evening. There will be opportunities to get together, get into our bodies and move our bodies in the way it wants to be moved. We love singing together and our band and their guests will get you into the right mood for celebrating.
No profiles have been added yet, please check back again later.
No profiles have been added yet, please check back again later.
♥ Healing sessions and body work offerings
Tickets for individual sessions will be available for participants and volunteers at the registration desk throughout the conference.
What is the Global Ecovillage Network?
The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) is a growing network of sustainable communities and initiatives that bridge different cultures, countries, and continents. GEN serves as umbrella organization for ecovillages, transition town initiatives, intentional communities, and individuals dedicated to restoring the land and living a cooperative sustainable lifestyle.
The Global Ecovillage Network is a truly global organization. Our work spans across six different regions – GEN-Africa, GEN-Europe, GENOA in Oceania & Asia, GENNA in North America, CASA in Latin America and NextGEN for the future generations of the planet.
What is the European Ecovillage Conference?
The GEN-Europe conference – European Ecovillage Conference – is the annual gathering of European people living for and working towards a more sustainable world. It´s the place where activists from many different areas and organizations come together to share, exchange, explore, co-create and give birth to new ideas and projects. It´s the place where receiving information about and establishing contacts to the ecovillage movement and her people is easiest. International guests from all other continents are of course very welcome.
Please have a look at what happened in Switzerland during the 2013 GEN-Europe conference
What is an ecovillage?
An ecovillage is an intentional or traditional community using local participatory processes to holistically integrate ecological, economic, social, and cultural dimensions of sustainability in order to regenerate social and natural environments.
GEN Europe eco village map
What does GEN do?
As a solution-based, multi-stakeholder alliance, GEN provides information, tools, examples and global representation to the expanding network of those dedicated to developing and demonstrating sustainability principles and practices in their lifestyles and communities around the world.
GEN supports people and communities to meet and share their ideas, exchange technologies, develop cultural and educational exchanges, directories and newsletters and offers resources like for example the Solution Library.
16.00 – 18.30 Arrival and check-in for GEN-Europe member and the observers to the General Assembly. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
18.30 – 19.30 Dinner
General Assembly GEN-Europe
13.45 – ca 18.45 GEN Sweden – Ekobyarnas Riksorganisation – are arranging a study visit to Ridgedale Permaculture. We share cars and travel together. Contribution to Ridgedale is 100 kr (10 Euro) Read more here
15.00-19.30 Arrival and check-in for conference participants.
20.00 Welcome event
16 – 20 July The European Ecovillage Conferance
8.00-9.00 Arrival and check-in for conference participants.
9.00 The conference starts
13.00-15.00 Possibility for latecomers to check in.
Closing ceremony & celebration in the evening
Departure day. Breakfast will be served 8.00-9.00 and then we kindly ask you to leave Ängsbacka latest 10.00. Please respect this since we have another event starting already later the same day, and there is a lot of preparations that need to be taken care of.
- Questions about the conference program etc – please contact GEN: Conference (at) gen-europe.org
- Questions about food and lodging etc – please contact Ängsbacka: booking (at) angsbacka.se
+ 46 553 10035 (Monday to Friday 10-13)
- Press inquiry: for interviews in English and Italian: Evan Welkin, email@example.com, +39 334 259 0522
In Swedish: Annette Ericsdotter Bettaieb, firstname.lastname@example.org, + 46 70-777 91 00
We invite you to travel to Ängsbacka as sustainable as possible and offer to support you in finding a good alternative to flying. We are encouraging all of us to walk our talk by traveling as sustainable as possible to a conference on sustainability.
Here you can find more information on how to get to Ängsbacka on public transport from Karlstad, Gothenburg, Oslo, Stockholm, Malmö and other European countries.
We also invite you to check out the Conference rideshare document in which you can offer, find and share ideas around travel options.
And finally there is the travel info page: How to get to Ängsbacka
More about Ängsbacka
A welcome letter with more detailed information about this particular festival will be sent out to all festival participants a few weeks before the festival starts. Below is some general information.
International Course & Festival Center
Ängsbacka is an international course and festival center with participants, workshop leaders and volunteers from all over the world. Therefore please note that the main language during the festivals often is English but some of the workshops can be in a different language, for instance Swedish or Norwegian.
- The festival ticket includes camping at Ängsbacka’s beautiful green camping field, which is located in direct connection to the festival area. Bring your own tent and don´t forget to bring equipment suitable for the warm as well as the cold and for a rainy summer day.
- At an additional fee there are sometimes beds to rent indoors at the festival area; in double room, 4-6 bed room and dormitory. For availability see the tab “Price and booking”.
- We place men and women separately unless you have booked a whole room. Please bring earplugs if you are sound sensitive – the sound can sometimes be quite loud in the festival area. All our accommodations are hostel standard with shared shower and toilet.
- Please bring your own sheets and towels. You might want to bring an extra towel for the sauna or swimming.
- You can rent a space for your camper or caravan during the festival, without electricity. Book well in advance!
- It is also possible to rent private accommodation in the nearby village of Molkom. Most accommodations are located at walking distance (1-1,5 km) to Ängsbacka. Please contact us if you are interested and we’ll send you a list with contact-information of the people who let out rooms, apartments, houses and campers/caravans.
The festival ticket includes breakfast, lunch and dinner. At Ängsbacka we offer a vegetarian diet prepared with love. We use locally produced and organic products to a large extent. If you let us know in connection with your reservation, we will arrange vegan diet (same if lactose intolerant) or gluten and nut-free food for you. For practical reasons we can´t meet needs from other allergies or diets during festivals.
- The Cafe is a cozy and comfortable meeting place for new friendships and deep conversation over a latte or a mild herbal tea. You can also buy organic bakery, delicious sandwiches and healthy drinks. The atmosphere often get lively during Open Stage where you can take the opportunity to share a song, poem or just improvise.
- In the Ängsbacka Shop you will find health products and organic body care, relaxing music, books, different clothes, organic incense, unique jewelry, yoga mats and more.
- Money. For cash withdrawals, there is a vending machine (ATM) at the grocery store in Molkom community, about 1.5 miles from Ängsbacka.
- Walking. A good idea is to bring coarser walking shoes for trails around Ängsbacka. Comfortable indoor shoes/slippers is also good to have.
- Bottle/cup. Don´t forget a water bottle and maybe a take away mug for coffee and tea.
- Sauna. We have a large sauna where you have the possibility to relax in the company of new and old friends – an extra towel is a good idea to bring for that.
- Dogs. You are welcome to have your coupled dog on to two of our camping areas. Off different reason it´s not possible to have the dog on the very festival area, neither in- or outdoors.
- Yoga mat. There are yoga mats to borrow, but if you have the possibility, please bring your own.
No Alcohol or Drugs
Please note that Ängsbacka is a Alcohol and Drug Free place. We dont serve alcohol, and it is not allowed to drink or to be under influence of alcohol or other subtstances when you are at Ängsbacka.
Find your way here
It’s easy to find your way to Ängsbacka by train and bus or by car. Read more about how to find your way here.
We are partnering with carpooling service GoMore. Enter ‘Molkom’ as your destination.
Powered by GoMore – Download free app!
Price & booking
Tickets are ALL INCLUSIVE: Conference + all meals + camping spot – from dinner July 15 (arrival day) to breakfast July 21 (departure day).
Income related tickets
Before you book your place, please take a moment to consider what your economic situation is like, and if you want to support the Ecovillage Conference and the work of GEN Europe.
♥ Pay it Forward Price
5840 SEK (≈ 620 Euro) covers the cost of the conference supports people with less money to be able to join the conference.
♥ Standard Conference Price
5270 SEK (≈ 560 Euro) covers the cost of the conference.
♥ Low income price
4480 SEK (≈ 475 Euro) covers less than what we need to make the conference sustainable.
Intended for those with limited economy.
OPEN DAY – FREE ENTRANCE July 17!
Traditionally GEN-Europe invites the local community to join the Ecovillage conference for one special day full of exiting program, networking opportunities and most of all to meet the ecovillagers from all around Europe. We would like to continue this tradition and invite you to come join us free of charge Monday the 17th of July!
Help us to plan by booking early!
LAST MINUTE: If you book and pay after July 12 there is an additional charge of 300 SEK (≈ 31 Euro)
The prices covers the whole period of the event.
Please bring your own sheets and towels (incl extra towel for sauna).
|Tent (bring your own)||included|
|Own caravan, no electricity. (≈16 Euro)||150 SEK|
|Big dormitory tent with provided mattress (≈ 26 Euro)||240 SEK|
|Bed in indoor dormitory (16-20 persons) (≈76 Euro)||720 SEK|
|Bed in 4-6 bed room. (≈130 Euro)||1230 SEK|
|Bed in double room (≈210 Euro) Fully booked||1980 SEK|
|Single room (≈350 Euro) Fully booked||3360 SEK|
|I have organized external accommodation. (≈ -53 Euro)||-440 SEK|
- RENTING A PRIVAT ROOM in Molkom Village (walking distance to Ängsbacka). Contact email@example.com to get contact details.
- RENT A CARAVAN that will be placed for you, at the festival area. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to get the contact details to those privet individuals renting out.
- Price per child (age 4-17): 1200 SEK (≈126 Euro)
- The price includes food and camping (or sleeping in caravan).
- Children age 0-3 is free of charge.
- When you book you just add how many children you bring, you don’t register them separatly. (Please just write the childrens age in the box: “Message to us”.)
If you want to book upgraded accommodation indoors for you and your children, please contact email@example.com for prices and manual booking.
Prices for GEN Delegates
- ONLY ECOVILLAGE CONFERENCE
If you are a GEN Delegate the price is 2350 SEK for food and camping (incl. dinner Wednesday 15 July until breakfast Friday 21 July.) As a delegate you dont pay the conference fee.
- GENERAL ASSEMBLY + ECOVILLAGE CONFERENCE
If you are a GEN Delegate and attending both the General Assembly and the conference, the price is 3645 SEK for food and camping (incl. dinner Wednesday 12 July until breakfast Friday 21 July.) As a delegate you dont pay the conference fee.
- ONLY GENERAL ASSEMBLY
If you are attending only the General Assembly and not the conference, the price is 970 SEK for food and camping. You book as a non delegate by choosing the last option ‘GEN 2017 – General Assembly’ from the booking page.
Combo discount for Ängsbacka’s other festivals
If you also join another of Ängsbacka’s summer festivals (No Mind, Yoga or Tantra) you get the Early Bird price (up to 1000 SEK discount) on them even if you book late. You need to book each event separately. You also get 1000 SEK (≈105 Euro) discount on GEN. Please tick COMBO DISCOUNT when you book.
If you want to join both GEN and No Mind there is the possiblity to stay as a volunteer in between (100 SEK per day – food included).
ONLINE PAYMENT METHODS & TERMS
Your ticket is booked and paid via the online booking system. We accept most credit cards, Swish (within Sweden) and bank transfer as payment methods.
For tickets with a value of 1-10 000 SEK it is required that you as customer pay the total amount directly upon booking.
For group bookings of tickets with a total value above 10 000 SEK you are given the option to pay in steps (minimum first payment is still 10 000 SEK).
Upon booking you will receive a confirmation email with a link to your booking page online; here you can check what has been booked, view and handle payments and keep track of due dates. The full amount associated with your booking has to be paid at the latest 30 days before the event starts. Remember, only full payment guarantees your booking, make sure to pay any outstanding payments on time – you will receive a reminder via email before due date!
It is possible to cancel your ticket and receive a refund, see details below. For all cancellations we keep a fee of minimum 400 SEK per adult and 200 SEK per participant 0-17 years of age. You contact booking @ angsbacka.se for all issues related to cancellation and refunds.
• Until 30 days prior the event: contact booking @ angsbacka.se to cancel your ticket and receive information about how to claim your refund. We keep a cancellation fee of 400 SEK per adult ticket and 200 SEK per child/youth ticket.
• Until 14 days prior the event: contact booking @ angsbacka.se to cancel your ticket and receive information about how to claim your refund. We keep a cancellation fee of 15% of the total booking value per ticket – minimum fee 400 SEK and maximum fee 900 SEK. Half fee for child/youth tickets.
• When cancelling your ticket less than 14 days before the event starts, a doctor’s confirmation of your inability to participate is required to receive a refund. We keep a cancellation fee of 15% of the total booking value per ticket – minimum fee 400 SEK and maximum fee 900 SEK. Half fee for child/youth tickets.
• Refunds will not be made if you cancel after the event has started.
• If Ängsbacka would cancel the event, all payments will be refunded (including the cancellation fee).
PLEASE NOTE: It may take up to one month before you have the refunded amount on your account.
PERSONAL DATA POLICY
When booking an event with us you give consent to our Personal Data Policy (as follows):
It is important for us that you as customer feel safe around how Ängsbacka handles your personal data. Our focus is to give all customers the best service possible; this requires that we have access to the following information about you: name, address, date of birth, phone number and an email-address.
We are relying on this information to be able to correctly process your requested service.
In addition to this, due to the type of events we offer, we will also ask you to specify a gender (some events have a limited amount of tickets offered within a certain gender-group).
We handle all data in compliance with Swedish law and GDPR. We have chosen to cooperate with Transitor AB (the supplier of our booking system) and in that cooperation we have secured full ownership of the customer data-base and that it is handled in line with this policy. We do not share data with any other party than what is required for the delivery of the service to you. You always have the full right to take part of the data we have collected from you, as well to revise and correct them as needed.
Once we have delivered our service to you (the event is fully paid and completed) you can actively reach out to us with any wish to be removed from our system. We will systematically remove data related to customers that have not requested our services within the past 7 years.
Unless you actively ask to be excluded from this part of our communication with our previous and current customers, you can expect us to get in touch with you who have participated in our events to share:
* Thank you letters and evaluation surveys.
* Offerings to sign up for mailing lists in a similar area of interest.
* Information about similar future events or events with the same workshop leaders.
We also share a monthly newsletter where we tell about what is going on at Ängsbacka, upcoming events etc. You can opt in and out of our newsletter at any time. Information on how to register or opt out you find in the newsletter itself or on our website www.angsbacka.se
DRUG AND ALCOHOL POLICY – ZERO TOLERANCE
All operations on Ängsbacka are based on a drug and alcohol free environment. The aim is to create a safe atmosphere that favors authentic meetings, personal development and spiritual practice. This means that guests and residents must not consume or be under the influence of alcohol and drugs at the whole area of Ängsbacka.
A person on the area of Ängsbacka under the obvious influence of alcohol or drugs can be asked to leave immediately.
If you have questions regarding the booking, payment, cancellation, our policies etc, please contact us:
Phone: +46-553-100 35 (Weekdays 10 am – 1 pm)
Volunteering during the Ecovillage Conference
Opening: There are some places available if you want to volunteer.
People needed in serving, site and beautifying groups
Five hour service a day
You are welcome to join as volunteer and help out doing service during the conference. You work five hours a day and get a reduced price for the event.
Please note that we have a limited number of spots for volunteering so please apply early.
After you sent in your application it normally takes about two weeks before you get confirmation.
There is also the possibility to volunteer at GEN plus one or more of our other festivals. The No Mind Camp starts 27 June, and Yoga Camp ends 30 July. If you combine two or more camps you will receive a discount on the volunteer camp fees.
Prices and terms
♥ GEN volunteer camp July 11 – 21
- Standard price: 2450 SEK (≈ 260 Euro) – For citizens of the Nordic Countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland), and anyone who lives in Norden.
- Travel from far – price: 1850 SEK (≈ 195 Euro) – For anyone who lives outside Norden (except Nordic citizens.)
The volunteer price includes:
- 5 hours of volunteering per day during the whole period.
- Food and camping (please bring your own tent)
- Access to the full conference program (when you are not volunteering).
- A rich volunteer program (yoga, dance, sharing etc) during the preparation days (11-15 July).
Please note that we have a limited number of spots for volunteering so do apply early.
After you sent in your application it normally takes about two weeks before you get a confirmation.
Dates for “combo camps”
The following volunteer camps (including GEN) are available:
- No Mind + GEN Camp
27 June – 21 July. Price 4320 SEK
- GEN + Yoga Camp
11-30 July. Price 4040 SEK
- GEN + Yoga + Tantra Camp
11 July – 7 Aug. Price 5840 SEK
You are also welcome to join already earlier. Our All Summer Camp starts June 2.
The volunteer program
The volunteer program offers a daily structure based on working meditation, community spirit and spiritual practice. During our big festival there are often more than a hundred volunteers joining – of all ages and from a lot of different countries.